CHIP Dataset Homepage
To track the dynamics of income distribution in China, the Chinese Household Income Project (CHIP) has conducted five waves of household surveys, in 1989, 1996, 2003, 2008 and 2013. They covered the income and expenditure information in 1988, 1995, 2002, 2007 and 2013 respectively and called CHIP1988, CHIP1995, CHIP2002, CHIP2007, and CHIP2013. These surveys were carried out as part of a collaborative research project on incomes and inequality in China organized by Chinese and international researchers, with assistance from the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS). The CHIP project participants and other researchers have analyzed the data from these four waves and published a wide range of articles, reports, and books. Descriptions of the CHIP surveys and key findings can be found in Griffin and Zhao (1993), Riskin, Zhao, and Li (2001), Gustafsson, Li, and Sicular (2008), and Li, Hiroshi and Sicular (2013).
Eichen and Zhang (1993) describe the 1988 survey, and Li, Luo, Wei, and Yue (2008) describe the 1995 and 2002 surveys. Luo, Li, Sicular, Deng, and Yue (2013) provides basic information about the 2007 survey. The CHIP surveys are closely related to the NBS household survey. Li et al. (2008) discuss how the NBS household survey samples were selected. Additional details about the NBS household surveys can be found in recent NBS statistical reports and publications.
All the CHIP waves contain surveys of urban and rural households. In view of the increased importance of rural-to-urban migration, and because the urban and rural household subsamples do not adequately cover migrants, the 2002 survey added a survey of rural-to-urban migrants. Thus, the 2002 CHIP survey includes three subsamples. The same procedure was adopted for the 2007 survey, which is also composed of three parts: the urban household survey, the rural household survey, and the rural-to-urban migrant household survey. This structure reflects China’s urban-rural division and the increased number of rural individuals who have migrated into the urban areas, especially during the last two decades.
The 2002 surveys were carried out by the NBS. The 2007 urban and rural surveys were conducted by the NBS, but the rural-to-urban migrant survey was conducted by a survey company. The 2007 survey is also a part of the larger RUMiC (Rural-Urban Migrants in China) survey project. The sampling procedure and survey method for the 2007 migrant survey are described in detail in the Rural-Urban Migration in China Project Survey Documentation. See Sherry Tao Kong (2010).
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Precautions for CHIP dataset:
1) Publications based on CHIPS data should report the statement of the source of data.
2) Data obtained from CHIPS will not be passed on either wholly or partially with or without profit to any other data user or disseminator of data with or without commercial purpose.
3) The right of the final interpretation belongs to China Institution for Income Distribution of Beijing Normal University.
4) If you have any publishcations using our data, we hope you can inform us for record. Thank you for your cooperation!
5) If you have any questions on CHIP data per se or access to CHIP data, you can contact us via email@example.com.
Eichen, M. and M. Zhang (1993), “Annex: The 1988 Household Sample Survey-Data Description and Availability,” in K. Griffin and R. Zhao, eds., The Distribution of Income in China, 331-346, New York: St. Martin’s Press.
Griffen, K. and R. Zhao, eds. (1993), The Distribution of Income in China, Basingstoke: Macmillan.
Gustafsson, B., S. Li, and T. Sicular, eds. (2008), Inequality and Public Policy in China, New York: Cambridge University Press.
Kong, Sherry Tao (2010), “Rural-Urban Migration in China: Survey Design and Implementation,” in X. Meng, C. Manning, S. Li, and T. N. Effendi, eds., The Great Migration: Rural-Urban Migration in China and Indonesia, 135-150, Northampton, MA: Edward Elgar.
Li, S., Luo, C., Wei, Z., and Yue, X. (2008), “Appendix: The 1995 and 2002 Household Surveys: Sampling Methods and Data Description,” in B. Gustafsson, S. Li, and T. Sicular, eds., Inequality and Public Policy in China, 337-353, New York: Cambridge University Press.
Riskin, C., R. Zhao, and S. Li, eds. (2001), China’s Retreat from Equality: Income Distribution and Economic Transition, Armonk, New York: M. E. Sharpe.
Luo, Li, Sicular, Deng, and Yue (2013), " Appendix I: The 2007 Household Surveys: Sampling Methods and Data Description", in Shi Li, Sato H., Sicular T. Rising Inequality in China: Challenges to a Harmonious Society. Cam-bridge University Press.
Sherry Tao Kong (2010): Rural-Urban Migration in China: Survey Design and Implementation. in Xin Meng, Chris Manning, Li Shi and Tadjuddin Noer Effendi: "The Great Migration: Rural-Urban Migration in China and Indonesia", Edward Elgar.
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